Related resources

Incentives and payment of research participants

Please email if you have any suggested additions.  See also the University of Lancaster Social Science Research Ethics website.


Head, E. (2009) The Ethics and Implications of Paying Participants in Qualitative Research, International Journal of Social Research Methodology. 12, 4, 1464-5300. 


Wendler, D., Rachoff, J., Emanuel, E, Grady, G (2002) Commentary: the ethics of paying for children’s participation in research. Journal of Pediatrics, 141, 2: 166-171.